Learn about the hazards that may strike your community, the risks you face from these hazards, and your community's plans for warning and evacuation. You can obtain this information from your local emergency management office or your local chapter of the American Red Cross. Space has been provided here to record your answers.
Think about the risk of the following hazards having an effect on your local area. If you need help, ask local authorities about each possible hazard or emergency and use the worksheet that follows to record your findings and suggestions for reducing your family's risk.
|Possible Hazards and Emergencies
||How can I reduce my risk?|
|3. Thunderstorms and Lightning|
|5. Winter Storms and Extreme Cold|
|6. Extreme Heat|
|9. Landslides and Debris Flow|
|1. Hazardous Materials Incidents|
|2. Nuclear Power Plants|
|2. Biological Threats|
|3. Chemical Threats|
|4. Nuclear Blasts|
|5. Radiological Dispersion Device (RDD)|
You also can consult the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) for hazard maps for your area. Go to www.fema.gov, select maps, and follow the directions.
Warning Systems and Signals
The Emergency Alert System (EAS) can address the entire nation on very short notice in case of a grave threat or national emergency. Ask if your local radio and TV stations participate in the EAS.
National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Weather Radio (NWR) is a nationwide network of radio stations broadcasting continuous weather information directly from a nearby National Weather Service office to specially configured NOAA weather radio receivers. Determine if NOAA Weather Radio is available where you live. If so, consider purchasing a NOAA weather radio receiver.
Ask local authorities about methods used to warn your community.
||What should we do?|
|NOAA Weather Radio|
Evacuating Yourself and Your Family
When community evacuations become necessary, local officials provide information to the public through the media. In some circumstances, other warning methods, such as sirens or telephone calls, also are used. Additionally, there may be circumstances under which you and your family feel threatened or endangered and you need to leave your home, school, or workplace to avoid these situations.
The amount of time you have to leave will depend on the hazard. If the event is a weather condition, such as a hurricane that can be monitored, you might have a day or two to get ready. However, many disasters allow no time for people to gather even the most basic necessities, which is why planning ahead is essential.
Evacuation: More Common than You Realize
Evacuations are more common than many people realize. Hundreds of times each year, transportation and industrial accidents release harmful substances, forcing thousands of people to leave their homes. Fires and floods cause evacuations even more frequently. Almost every year, people along the Gulf and Atlantic coasts evacuate in the face of approaching hurricanes.
- Ask local authorities about emergency evacuation routes.
- Record your specific evacuation route directions in the space provided.
- Is there a map available with evacuation routes marked? YES or NO
||If time permits:|
|Keep a full tank of gas in your car if an evacuation seems likely. Gas stations may be closed during emergencies and unable to pump gas during power outages. Plan to take one car per family to reduce congestion and delay.
||Gather your disaster supplies kit.|
|Make transportation arrangements with friends or your local government if you do
not own a car.
|Wear sturdy shoes and clothing|
that provides some protection,
such as long pants, long-sleeved shirts, and a cap.
|Listen to a battery-powered radio and follow local evacuation instructions.
||Secure your home:|
Close and lock doors and windows.
Unplug electrical equipment, such as radios and televisions, and small appliances, such as toasters and microwaves. Leave freezers and refrigerators plugged in unless there is a risk of flooding.
|Gather your family and go if you are in- structed to evacuate immediately.
||Let others know where you are going.|
|Leave early enough to avoid being trapped by severe weather.|
|Follow recommended evacuation routes. Do not take shortcuts; they may be blocked.|
|Be alert for washed-out roads and bridges. Do not drive into flooded areas.|
|Stay away from downed power lines.|
Community and Other Plans
Ask local officials the following questions about your community's disaster/emergency plans.
- Does my community have a plan?
- What does the plan contain?
- What should I know about the plan?
- What hazards does it cover?
In addition to finding out about your community's plan, it is important that you know what plans are in place for your workplace and your children's or grandchildren's school or day care center.
- Ask your employer about workplace policies regarding disasters and emergencies, including understanding how you will be provided emergency and warning information.
- Contact each school or day care center to discuss their disaster procedures.
School Emergency Plans
Know your children and grandchildren's school emergency plan:
- Ask how the school will communicate with families during a crisis.
- Ask if the school stores adequate food, water, and other basic supplies.
- Find out if the school is prepared to shelter-in-place if need be, and where they plan to go if they must get away.
In cases where schools institute procedures to shelter-in-place, you may not be permitted to drive to the school to pick up the kids. Even if you go to the school, the doors will likely be locked to keep children safe. Monitor local media outlets for announcements about changes in school openings and closings, and follow the directions of local emergency officials.
For more information on developing emergency preparedness plans for schools, please log on to the U.S. Department of Education at www.ed.gov/emergencyplan.
If you are an employer, make sure your workplace has a building evacuation plan that is regularly practiced.
- Take a critical look at your heating, ventilation and air conditioning system to determine if it is secure or if it could feasibly be upgraded to better filter potential contaminants, and be sure you know how to turn it off if you need to.
- Think about what to do if your employees can't go home.
- Make sure you have appropriate supplies on hand.
This article is an excerpt from the FEMA publication entitled "Are You Ready: An In-Depth Guide to Citizen Preparedness". Are You Ready? provides a step-by-step approach to disaster preparedness by walking the reader through how to get informed about local emergency plans, how to identify hazards that affect their local area, and how to develop and maintain an emergency communications plan and disaster supplies kit. Other topics covered include evacuation, emergency public shelters, animals in disaster, and information specific to people with disabilities.
Source: Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)